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Title: Preliminary testing of expedient ground anchor solutions for guyed towers in remote cold regions : considerations for cold remote regions with limited tools
Authors: Bjella, Kevin L.
Vandevort, Daniel T.
Kopczynski, Sarah E.
Keywords: Anchorage (Structural engineering)
Frost heaving
Frozen ground
Geotechnical engineering
Guy anchors
Publisher: Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical Report (Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)) ; no. ERDC/CRREL TR-23-6
Abstract: Ground anchors connected to guy wires for tower structures in cold climates suffer from frost heaving, which causes loss of wire tension and subsequent structural instability. It is necessary to understand what ground anchors are available to resist this tendency yet are still capable of expedient installation in remote areas. To that end, three metal, traditional ground-anchor types (arrowhead, bullet, and penetrating auger) and one novel polyvinyl chloride (PVC) T-post anchor were evaluated in frozen gravels and frozen silts at a research facility in Fairbanks, Alaska. Criteria included installation capability, failure loading, and removal ability. Additionally, expedient installation techniques for use in field conditions were also demonstrated. All three traditional ground anchors failed to penetrate frozen gravels. The penetrating auger also failed to penetrate frozen silts, but the arrowhead and bullet anchors did penetrate frozen silts with difficulty. The PVC anchor is capable of being installed only in a predrilled pilot hole. Under flexural load, the arrowhead anchor cable failed at 3686.72 lb, and the bullet anchor cable failed at 1753.44 lb. The PVC slid out of its hole at a direct-pull force of 1978.24 lb and failed under flexural stress at 202.32 lb.
Description: Technical Report
Gov't Doc #: ERDC/CRREL TR-23-6
Rights: Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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