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Title: Ice damage to concrete
Authors: United States. Federal Highway Administration.
Thayer School of Engineering.
Schulson, Erland M.
Keywords: Concrete
Ice damage
Deicing salts
Portland cement
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Special report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 98-6.
Description: Special Report
Abstract: Concrete is a porous material. When saturated with water and then cooled to below 0°C, it cracks internally. Upon repeated freezing and thawing, the cracks grow, interact, and lead eventually to macroscopic degradation, termed ice damage. This report reviews the phenomenon and considers the underlying mechanisms. New explanations are given for the deleterious effect of deicer salts and for the beneficial effect of entrained air.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Special Report

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