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dc.contributorUnited States. Federal Highway Administration.-
dc.contributorThayer School of Engineering.-
dc.contributor.authorSchulson, Erland M.-
dc.descriptionSpecial Report-
dc.descriptionAbstract: Concrete is a porous material. When saturated with water and then cooled to below 0°C, it cracks internally. Upon repeated freezing and thawing, the cracks grow, interact, and lead eventually to macroscopic degradation, termed ice damage. This report reviews the phenomenon and considers the underlying mechanisms. New explanations are given for the deleterious effect of deicer salts and for the beneficial effect of entrained air.-
dc.publisherCold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)-
dc.publisherEngineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)-
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSpecial report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 98-6.-
dc.rightsApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.-
dc.sourceThis Digital Resource was created in Microsoft Word and Adobe Acrobat-
dc.subjectIce damage-
dc.subjectDeicing salts-
dc.subjectPortland cement-
dc.titleIce damage to concrete-
Appears in Collections:Special Report

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