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Title: The measurement of heat flow in the ground and the theory of heat flux meters
Authors: University of Melbourne. Dept. of Meteorology.
Schwerdtfeger, Peter.
Keywords: Heat transfer
Heat transmission
Soil temperature
Ground temperature
Heat flow meters
Heat flux
Thermal measuring instruments
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 232.
Description: Technical Report
Abstract: The behavior of heat flux meters has been examined by experimental, electrical analogue and numerical means. The results indicate the more general applicability of the flux meter equation first proposed by Philip (1961) for the special case of spheroidal meters, provided certain precautions are taken. The purely geometric parameter appearing in this equation has been related to meter shape and a functional connection has been suggested. It is proposed that pairs of thermal sensors be used to monitor thermal conductivity continuously and the use of nonuniform "focusing" heat flux meters is recommended in cases where the physical cross section of a thermopile should remain small compared to the resultant thermal cross section. Finally a number of calibration techniques are reported, including the use of a novel radiation enclosure in which meters are temporarily tested as net radiometers.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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