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Title: Composition of CBRN decontamination effluent and development of surrogate mixtures for testing effluent treatment technologies
Authors: Brame, Jonathon A.
Medina, Victor F.
Smith, Imee G.
Procell, Lawrence.
Keywords: Weapons of mass destruction
Biological decontamination
Radioactive decontamination
Decontamination (from gases, chemicals, etc.)
Effluent quality--Testing
Publisher: United States. Army. Corps of Engineers.
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Environmental Laboratory (U.S.)
Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: ERDC/EL ; SR-16-2
Abstract: Abstract: Decontamination efforts after a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) event require large quantities of water and produce correspondingly large volumes of highly hazardous waste. This water use and production can be problematic in terms of logistics, safety, and liability during and after a domestic or military event. The U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC) is developing a deployable effluent treatment system that could be used to treat the waste from decontamination operations for responsible discharge or potential reuse in decontamination activities. In order to develop such a system, it is important to understand and characterize the water that will be treated. Fortunately, there has been an absence of CBRN events to collect samples for analysis; so, the best alternative is to estimate the composition and concentration of components likely to be found in decontamination after such an event. This report summarizes our effort to provide that analysis, including the contribution of the CBRN agents, decontaminating agents, and additional materials produced as a result of washing (e.g., oil, dirt, hair, etc.). An estimate of the makeup and relevant concentrations of decontamination effluent is provided to enable testing of treatment technologies, which ensures complete removal of contaminants from decontamination effluent.
Appears in Collections:Special Report

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