Now showing items 1-20 of 366

    • Integrating CAD data with geographic information systems using autoCAD and ARC/INFO software 

      Cedfeldt, Paul T.; Scott, Mark A. (Cold Regions Research & Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-03)
      Software for computer-aided design (CAD) and geographic information systems (GIS) are often used in conjunction with one another. This document proposes a methodology for effectively integrating data created using Autodesk’s ...
    • External contamination of landmines by organic nitro-compounds 

      Leggett, Daniel C.; Jenkins, Thomas F.; Hogan, Austin W.; Ranney, Thomas A.; Miyares, Paul H. (Cold Regions Research & Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-03)
      It has been known for years that landmines are contaminated on their surfaces by explosive compounds. Subsequently, it was shown that TNT vapor-contaminated surfaces outgas at a significant rate. This has encouraged the ...
    • UXO detection at Jefferson Proving Ground using ground-penetrating radar 

      Arcone, Steven A.; O'Neill, Kevin, 1946-; Delaney, Allan J.; Sellmann, P. V. (Paul V.) (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-04)
      Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) was used to detect UXO and non-ordnance on the 40-acre site (lot 54) of Jefferson Proving Ground, Indiana. The UXO are buried about 1 m deep in a clayey silt for which the soil water content ...
    • Glacial geology and stratigraphy of Fort Richardson, Alaska : a review of available data on the hydrogeology 

      Hunter, Lewis E.; Lawson, Daniel E.; Bigl, Susan R.; Robinson, Peggy B.; Schlagel, Joel D. (Cold Regions Research & Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-04)
      The surficial geology and glacial stratigraphy of Fort Richardson are extremely complex. Recent mapping by the USGS shows the general distribution of surficial deposits, but details on the underlying stratigraphy remain ...
    • Evaluation of photovoltaic panels at the South Pole Station 

      Williams, Christopher R.; Rand, John H. (Cold Regions Research & Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-04)
      For this study, commercially available photovoltaic (PV) panels of similar mechanical and electrical characteristics were procured from four manufacturers, and their structural survivability and electrical performance were ...
    • Evaluating the Hanby Test Kits for screening soil and groundwater for total petroleum hydrocarbons : field demonstration 

      Hewitt, Alan D. (Alan Dole) (Cold Regions Research & Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-06)
      This report evaluates the methods of analysis that can be used with the Hanby Test Kits for assessing the total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) contamination in environmental matrices. This field screening technique is based ...
    • Thaw weakening and load restriction practices on low volume roads 

      Kestler, Maureen A.; Knight, Thomas.; Krat, Audrey S. (Cold Regions Research & Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-06)
      Low volume roads subjected to seasonal freezing are highly susceptible to damage from traffic during midwinter and spring thaws. Such traffic-induced damage can be minimized by a variety of design methods; however, most ...
    • Expedient MESL construction in cold weather 

      Stark, Jeffrey A.; Affleck, Rosa T.; Orchino, Sherri A. (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-07)
      A new method of constructing membrane encapsulated soil layers (MESLs) using plastic membranes, geotextiles, tapes for sealing the membranes, and absorbents for drying the soil was demonstrated. These materials would allow ...
    • Bacterial survival in snow made from wastewater 

      Parker, L. V. (Louise V.); Yushak, Melinda L.; Martel, Courtland James.; Reynolds, Charles M. (Charles Michael), 1950- (Cold Regions Research & Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-07)
      This study examined the effects of a patented wastewater treatment process that makes snow from secondary wastewater, and the subsequent freeze-thaw cycling processes that occur in a snow column, on bacterial survival. ...
    • Evaluating the use of snow-covered ranges to estimate the explosives residues that result from detonation of army munitions 

      Jenkins, Thomas F.; Ranney, Thomas A.; Walsh, Marianne E.; Miyares, Paul H.; Hewitt, Alan D. (Alan Dole); Collins, Nicholas H. (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-08)
      Estimating the amounts of residues remaining after munitions detonate is complicated by the presence of residues from previous detonations and the difficulty in easily obtaining adequately sized samples to overcome spatial ...
    • Numerical simulation of river ice control with booms 

      Liu, Lianwu.; Shen, Hung Tao. (Cold Regions Research & Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-08)
      In this study a two-dimensional numerical model for simulating ice transport and accumulation in the vicinity of river ice booms is developed. The model considers the dynamics of surface ice transport in the river, coupled ...
    • Use of surface snow sampling to estimate the quantity of explosives residues resulting from land mine detonations 

      Jenkins, Thomas F.; Ranney, Thomas A.; Miyares, Paul H.; Collins, Nicholas H.; Hewitt, Alan D. (Alan Dole) (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-08)
      A PMA-2 antipersonnel land mine from Yugoslavia was detonated with an M6 blasting cap on a snow-covered range at Camp Ethan Allen Training Site, Jericho, Vermont. The main charge of the PMA-2 was 100 g of TNT with 13 g of ...
    • Assessment of Millennium Pipeline Project, Lake Erie crossing : ice scour, sediment sampling, and turbidity modeling 

      Lever, J. H. (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-08)
      ERDC researchers assessed the Millennium Pipeline Project on three topics related to its proposed crossing of Lake Erie: 1) the potential for pipeline damage by ice scour, 2) adequacy of the sampling program to identify ...
    • Cazenovia Creek ice-control structure 

      Lever, J. H.; Gooch, Gordon E.; Daly, Steven F. (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-08)
      Abstract: Cazenovia Creek, in Western New York, is the largest tributary of the Buffalo River. Breakup ice jams form along the lower basin nearly every year during mid-winter or spring thaws, and ice-jam flooding occurs ...
    • Ship superstructure icing : crystalline and physical properties 

      Ryerson, Charles C. (Charles Curtis); Gow, A. J. (Anthony Jack) (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-08)
      In February and March 1990, measurements were made of superstructure ice on a United States Coast Guard cutter in the Bering Sea. Ice samples were removed from bulkheads, decks, and icicles during two icing events. Ice ...
    • Frozen soil barriers for explosives containment 

      Marion, Giles M., 1943-; Pelton, Deborah K. (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-09)
      Explosives are a major contaminant of Department of Defense sites. Many uncertainties exist with respect to the mobility and stability of explosives in soils. The specific objectives of this work are to test the efficacy ...
    • A review of the thermodynamics of frost heave 

      Henry, Karen S. (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-09)
      Thermodynamic equilibrium requires a balance of thermal, mechanical, and chemical forces. The general equation for mechanical equilibrium between two phases describes capillary effects in porous materials, important in ...
    • Estimating the half-lives of key components of the chemical vapor signature of land mines 

      Miyares, Paul H.; Jenkins, Thomas F. (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-09)
      The qualitative composition of the chemical signature of TNT-filled land mines is predominantly the isomers of dinitrotoluene (DNT), dinitrobenzene (DNB), and trinitrotoluene (TNT). These chemicals are known to undergo ...
    • Geological investigations and hydrogeological model of Fort Richardson, Alaska 

      Hunter, Lewis E.; Lawson, Daniel E.; Bigl, Susan R.; Astley, Beth N.; Snyder, Colby F.; Perron, Frank E. (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-09)
      The glacial stratigraphy of Fort Richardson reflects deposition in glacial and glacial-marine environments during multiple retreat phases following the last glacial maximum. A preliminary model relied heavily on the glacial ...
    • Evaluation of H.E.L.P. Mate 2000 for the identification and quantification of petroleum hydrocarbon products 

      Hewitt, Alan D. (Alan Dole) (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.), 2000-09)
      The H.E.L.P. Mate 2000 (HM 2000) is a spectrophotometric instrument developed for use with the Hanby Test Kits to rapidly assess of total petroleum hydrocarbon contamination (TPH) in environmental matrices on site. This ...