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Title: Morphology and distribution of the Acanthoecidae from the Weddell Sea during the austral summer, 1977
Authors: Buck, Kirk.
Keywords: EPOLAR
Sea ice--Antarctic regions
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: CRREL report ; 80-16.
Abstract: Eight species of loricate choanoflagellates (Acanthoecidae), Acanthoecopsis spiculifera, Bicosta spinifera, Bicosta antennigera, Calliacantha simplex, Calliacantha multispino aff., Crinoline aperta, Diaphanoeca multiannulata, and Parvicorbicula saclalis, were observed in samples obtained from the Weddell Sea during the austral summer, 1977. D. multiannulata was described for the first time from these samples; the other organisms have either been described previously or are being described at this time. The distribution of most species within the Weddell Sea was widespread. The distributional, environmental, and morphological range of A. spiculifero, B. spinifera, C. aperta, and P. socialis was expanded. Habitats in which choanoflagellates were found included the water column, the edges of ice floes, ponds on ice floes, and the interiors of ice floes. The presence of choanoflagellates within the ice indicates that there may be a closely coupled trophic relationship with the other two biological components of the ice community, the ice algae and the bacteria. The presence in the ice of seven species with both a caudal appendage and anterior projections suggests a positive relationship between this lorica configuration and the ice habitat. Mechanisms of variance of transverse costal diameters between genera may be useful to the taxonomy and phylogeny of this family.
Description: CRREL Report
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Appears in Collections:CRREL Report

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