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Title: Rock, frozen soil and ice breakage by high-frequency electromagnetic radiation : a review
Authors: Hoekstra, P. (Pieter)
Keywords: Computer modeling
Dielectric heating
Electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic fields
Fracture mechanics
Frozen ground
Hard and soft rocks
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: CRREL report ; 76-36.
Description: CRREL Report
Abstract: In the past decade, various workers have investigated the use of high-frequency electromagnetic radiation for breaking and excavating rock and frozen ground. This report reviews the high-frequency dielectric properties of these materials, the physics of heating, and the existing literature on these subjects. The high-frequency dielectric properties of rocks and soils, and the absorption of energy by these materials, are mainly determined by their liquid water contents. Computer modeling was used to calculate absorption energy as a function of distance behind irradiated faces of earth materials. The resulting computations showed that most energy is absorbed in the first few centimeters of frozen ground and weak soils. However, in hard rocks of low water content, electromagnetic waves penetrate more deeply, and significant amounts of energy are also absorbed tens of centimeters behind the irradiated faces. Test results showed that electromagnetic rock breakage is feasible only for excavations in hard rock; test results from the use of electromagnetic radiation for excavating tunnels in weak rocks and frozen ground are not promising.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:CRREL Report

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