Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Wastewater applications in forest ecosystems
Authors: Pennsylvania State University. Institute for Research on Land and Water Resources.
University of Washington. Center for Ecosystem Studies.
University of Georgia. School of Forest Resources
North Central Forest Experiment Station (Grand Rapids, Minn.)
University of Washington. College of Forest Resources.
Pennsylvania State University.
United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Memphis District.
McKim, H. L. (Harlan L.)
Sopper, William E.
Cole, Dale W.
Nutter, Wade L.
Urie, Dean
Schiess, Peter.
Kerr, Sonja N.
Farquahar, Helen.
Keywords: Forests
Land treatment
Plant uptake
Slow rate
Tree growth
Tree harvest
Wastewater treatment
Water pollution
Water quality
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: CRREL report ; 82-19.
Description: CRREL Report
Abstract: Under proper design and management, a forest ecosystem in the central United States should renovate municipal wastewater as long or longer than conventional agricultural systems, especially when design limitations are hydraulic loading rate, heavy metals, P and N. Forest systems require smaller buffer zones than agricultural systems and lower sprinkler pressures. Immature forests are better wastewater renovators than mature forests.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:CRREL Report

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
CR-82-19.pdf4.18 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail