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Title: Hydraulic model study of Port Huron ice control structure
Authors: United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Detroit District.
Calkins, Darryl J.
Deck, D. S.
Sodhi, D. S.
Keywords: Great Lakes
Hydraulic structures
Hydraulic models
Hydraulic model-refrigerated
Ice control structure
Ice discharge and vessels
Ice control
Ice prevention
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: CRREL report ; 82-34.
Description: CRREL Report
Abstract: The ice discharge through an opening in an ice control structure was documented to be a function of the floe size, ice type, ice floe conditions and vessel direction. The model data for the average ice discharge per vessel transit scaled to prototype values compared favorably with data taken at the St. Marys River ice control structure (ICS). The model results of the force measurements were also consistent with data taken at the St. Marys ICS. The dynamic loading conditions were independent of vessel direction. The dynamic loading to the structure using 3 types of ice (plastic, natural and urea-doped) showed a considerable difference in their means and standard deviations. The urea·doped ice was evaluated for dynamic loading conditions and reasonable peak values of 3 to 5 times the mean load at each measuring position were recorded, independent of vessel direction. It appears that synthetic random ice floes may be used in model studies where ice discharge through an opening in a structure needs to be documented. This study shows the synthetic random ice floe discharge to fall reasonably within the values obtained for natural ice discharge for both rafted and non-rafted ice fields above the ICS. However, the question of whether synthetic ice can be used for analyzing force distributions and dynamic force loading criteria cannot be fully answered at this time because the load distributions of the synthetic and natural floes appear to differ.
Appears in Collections:CRREL Report

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