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Title: Winter navigation on the Great Lakes: A review of environmental studies
Authors: United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Detroit District
Wuebben, James L.
Keywords: Great Lakes
Winter navigation
Ice navigation
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: CRREL report ; 95-10.
Description: CRREL Report
Abstract: In 1970, Congress authorized a three-part Great Lakes–St. Lawrence Seaway Navigation Season Extension Program. It authorized a winter navigation demonstration program, a detailed survey study of season extension feasibility and a study of insurance rates for shippers. This report provides a review of numerous environmental and engineering studies conducted as part of the demonstration and feasibility portions of the program, as well as many environmental studies conducted after the completion of the original program. Topics include sediment transport, shoreline erosion, shore structure damage, oil and hazardous substance spills, biological effects, ship-induced vibrations and ice control systems. NOTE: This report contains articles by multiple CRREL authors.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:CRREL Report

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