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Title: Initial analyses of Eagle River flats hydrology and sedimentology, Fort Richardson, Alaska
Authors: United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Alaska District.
Lawson, Daniel E.
Bigl, Susan R.
Bodette, John H.
Weyrick, Patricia B.
Keywords: Alaska
White phosphorus
Eagle River Flats
Waterfowl mortality
Fort Richardson
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: CRREL report ; 95-5.
Description: CRREL Report
Abstract: The physical environment of Eagle River Flats (ERF), a subarctic tidal flat and salt marsh, is progressively changing because of the interactions of multiple physical processes, including a high tidal range, two primary sediment sources, cold climate and location within an active earthquake zone. In addition, ERF has been used by the U.S. Army as an artillery range, where high explosives or smoke-producing shells have been detonated, causing cratering and disrupting drainage. The physical environment of ERF needs to be understood to help remediate a problem of unusually high mortality rates in migrating waterfowl. This high mortality of ducks is attributable to ingestion of elemental white phosphorus (P4) particles (from smoke-producing devices), which are now distributed within near-surface sediments of the ponds and marshes. The complexity of this dynamic environment makes it extremely difficult to predict what physical effects remedial measures for the P4 contamination will have and, conversely, what short- and long-term effects the physical system will have on the effectiveness and success of proposed remedies. Understanding both the system’s response and the effects of remedial technologies is critical to deciding what measures are used. This report presents the initial analysis of the physical processes of erosion, sedimentation and sediment transport and the factors controlling their activity within a portion of ERF.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:CRREL Report

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