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Title: Kinematic model of river ice motion during dynamic breakup
Authors: Ferrick, M. G.
Weyrick, Patricia B.
Nelson, David F.
Keywords: Front tracking
Ice breakup
Kinematic model
Hydraulic modeling
Ice jams
River ice motion
Ice mechanics
River ice
Lake ice
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: CRREL report ; 93-15.
Description: CRREL Report
Abstract: We begin a study of the dynamics of ice motion during river breakup by formulating a kinematic model. Ice continuity equations are applied to relate the speeds of a breaking front, convergence front, stoppage front, and release front with the ice discharge and volume per unit surface area (unit volume) on either side of each front. Ice velocity data are obtained from measurements with time made during a dynamic breakup at a pair of sites bounding a reach of the Connecticut River. We simulate the ice and front motion through time for this reach using the kinematic model with the assumptions that accumulation thickness and porosity are uniform, and that changes in the ice conditions and motion occur only at a front. Contrary to the basic assumption of static jam formation, we find that the accumulation develops while the ice is moving, and that jam formation merely represents the arrest of the motion.
Appears in Collections:CRREL Report

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