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Title: Optimization of an analytical method for determining white phosphorous in contaminated sediments
Authors: U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station.
Taylor, Susan.
Walsh, Marianne E.
Keywords: Laboratory analysis
Sediment contamination
White phosphorus
Gas chromatography
Extraction (chemistry)
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: CRREL report ; 92-21.
Description: CRREL Report
Abstract: An analytical method was optimized to determine the concentration of white phosphorus (WP) in sediments contaminated by smoke munitions. The method uses isooctane as the extractant and a gas chromatograph as the determinative instrument. Both field-contaminated samples and spiked sediments were analyzed and results on the spiked samples indicate that the method has a better than 80% recovery rate for WP. The detection limit for the method is 0.88 µg/kg of soil. The WP recovery is sensitive to the water content of the sediments and to prolonged shaking. Fluidizing the wet sediments by adding water to saturated soil greatly increases WP recovery. Since field samples are contaminated with WP particles of various sizes, subsamples may not accurately represent the concentration of the sample as a whole.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:CRREL Report

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