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Title: One-dimensional analysis of salinity intrusion in estuaries
Authors: United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Committee on Tidal Hydraulics.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Hydrodynamics Laboratory.
Ippen, Arthur T.
Harleman, Donald R. F.
Keywords: Estuary
Saltwater encroachment
Publisher: U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station.
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical bulletin (United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Committee on Tidal Hydraulics) ; no.5.
Description: Technical Bulletin
Introduction: The objective of the investigation reported herein is analytical procedures for the determination of the distribution to develop of salinity in an estuary. The intrusion of saline water in the tidal portion of a river involves the basic mechanism of mass transfer by turbulent diffusion and mass transfer by convective currents which are associated with tidal motion and the presence of liquids of different density. Usually the engineer is called upon to predict the change in the salinity distribution in a particular estuary which will occur as a result of a change in estuary geometry or hydraulic characteristics. Common examples of such changes are the dredging of deeper navigation channels and changes in fresh-water flow rates due to upstream diversions or regulation. While such problems have been studied by engineers and oceanographers for many years, in almost all instances the concern has been with a particular estuary. In order to divorce the investigation from a particular geometry and to simplify the problem, the present study is confined to the case of a rectangular estuary of constant mean depth and width.
Appears in Collections:USACE Collection

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