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|Title:||The association between confined disposal facilities and mosquitoes|
|Authors:||Environmental Effects of Dredging Program (U.S.)|
Dredging Operations Technical Support Program (U.S.)
Nachtrieb, Julie G.
Grodowitz, Michael Jay.
|Keywords:||Confined Disposal Facility|
Confined Disposal Facilities
Dredging Operations Technical Support Program
|Publisher:||Environmental Laboratory (U.S.)|
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Purpose: Purpose: Confined disposal facilities (CDFs), diked impoundments for disposal of dredged material, have the potential to support breeding populations of mosquitoes. It is therefore imperative that mosquito monitoring and control be conducted routinely at such facilities. In comparison to typical mosquito breeding sites (stagnant ponds, roadside ditches, etc.), CDFs contain unique mosquito habitats that require novel sampling and control techniques. Mosquito breeding predominately occurs in accumulated water in the soil fissures that develop following dredged material disposal as sites desiccate. Much of the guidance relevant to mosquito control in CDFs (e.g., Ezell 1978, Cofrancesco and Flosi 1988) was published decades ago. In the interim, new concerns related to mosquitoes as vectors of pathogens have arisen, particularly for CDFs in proximity to urban areas, creating a need for updated information on the topic. Likewise, the large numbers of birds associated with CDF habitats has heightened concern for transmission of viral infections through mosquitoes to humans. This technical note provides information necessary for planning and implementing mosquito monitoring and control efforts at CDFs. Topics include descriptions of larval habitats, mosquito species, sampling techniques, and control measures associated with CDFs.
|Appears in Collections:||Technical Note - Environmental Effects of Dredging|