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Title: Managing dredged material placement and disposal operations in relation to bird/wildlife aricraft strike hazards (BASH)
Authors: Guilfoyle, Michael P.
Fischer, Richard A., Jr., 1964-
Keywords: Aircraft bird strikes
Dredging spoil
Dredging Operations and Environmental Research Program (U.S.)
Publisher: Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical Note (Dredging Operations and Environmental Research Program (U.S.)) ; no.ERDC TN-DOER-C36
Abstract: PURPOSE: This technical note was developed by the U.S. Army Engineer Research Development Center and (ERDC), Environmental Laboratory (EL), to provide guidelines for reducing Bird/Wildlife Aircraft Strike Hazards (BASH) in approach and departure zones of nearby airports. The genesis of these U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) guidelines stems from several incidents, including (1) the creation of Brunswick Harbor Bird Island (BHBI) in proximity to airports on Saint Simons and Jekyll Islands, Georgia (Figure 1); (2) the recent commercial passenger aircraft that landed in the Hudson River (U.S. Airways Flight 1549) in January 2009 as a result of collision with several Canada Geese (Langer 2009, Marra et al. 2009); and (3) several other USACE ecosystem restoration and/or mitigation projects that have confronted potential BASH issues (see below). The potential BASH associated with habitat creation have been a neglected aspect of the planning process for many federal and state agencies (including the USACE during dredged material deposition activities), yet bird-aircraft collisions continue to increase in frequency nationally and the damage to aircraft and the corresponding risks to passengers and crew cannot be ignored. By outlining the history and issues associated with USACE ecosystem restoration conflicts with nearby airports, it is hoped that future similar conflicts can be avoided. This report (a) summarizes the issues associated with habitat creation or enhancement around airports as regulated by the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Advisory Circular 150/5200-33B (USDOT 2007); (b) details the history of and conflict during and after the BHBI construction in Brunswick Harbor, Georgia; (c) summarizes other restoration/mitigation and BASH conflicts within five USACE divisions; (d) provides guidance about how to minimize BASH during the future creation and management of dredged-material deposition areas designed as early-successional bird habitat; and (e) supports the objectives of a research work unit under the Dredging Operations and Environmental Research (DOER) program titled, “Reducing conflicts between coastal engineering projects and bird habitat needs.” ( ).
Description: Technical Note
Gov't Doc #: ERDC TN-DOER-C36
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
Appears in Collections:Technical Note

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