Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Investigation of cyclodextrin-enhanced electrokinetic soil remediation : fate and transport of nitroaromatic contaminants and cyclodextrin amendments in expansive clays
Authors: Kessler, David A.
Marsh, Charles P.
McCormick, John J.
Cropek, Donald M. (Donald Michael)
DeGuzman, Angelo
Gent, David B.
Robles, Ruben
Keywords: Munitions
Nitroaromatic compounds
Military training
Military installations
Soil pollution
Waste disposal
Waste treatment
Hazardous waste management
Soil remediation
Publisher: Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: ERDC TR ; 04-3.
Description: Technical Report
Abstract: Nitroaromatic-based compounds can pose a serious threat to ecosystems and human health. These compounds, which have been used in munitions and pesticides, are present in soil and groundwater at military installations and other sites. The presence of these contaminants in clayey soils poses a difficult and potentially costly remediation problem. The low hydraulic conductivity of these soils prohibits the use of conventional pump-and-treat remediation techniques, and high energy costs make the process of excavating and thermally treating the soil highly inefficient and damaging to the environment. For these reasons, much research has been done to advance the field of electrokinetic remediation as a viable cleanup technique. Although some studies have reported that organic molecules can be removed from clayey soils by electro-osmosis alone using a purging solution, the addition of amendments to the solution has increased removal efficiencies. The objective of this research was to advance the state of knowledge on a novel technique for cost-effective remediation of nitroaromatic compounds using cyclodextrin molecules as solubilizing agents and electrokinetically transports them through the contaminated zone. The results provided direct evidence that it is possible to remove nitrobenzene and 2,4-DNT from expansive montmorillonite clay using electro-osmosis both with and without cyclodextrin amendments.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
70890.pdf660.95 kBAdobe PDFThumbnail