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|Title:||Two- and three-dimensional laboratory studies of wave breaking, dissipation, setup, and runup on reefs|
|Authors:||Coastal Ocean Data System Program. Surge and Wave Island Modeling Studies Project (U.S.)|
Smith, Ernest R.
Hesser, Tyler J.
Smith, Jane M.
Surge and Wave Island Modeling Studies (SWIMS)
Coastal Ocean Data System
|Publisher:||Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory (U.S.)|
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Physical model studies were performed at a 1-to-50 model to prototype scale in a three-dimensional (3-D) basin and a two-dimensional (2-D) flume to measure wave transformation, setup, and runup on a generalized reef to improve understanding of the processes. Incident wave and water level conditions encompassed a range of combinations representative of the geographical locations where reefs are present. Results from the 3-D experiment indicated higher frequency wave energy dissipated across the reef, whereas low frequency wave energy remained nearly constant. Three-dimensional patterns were observed on the reef, which was attributed to non-symmetrical bathymetry, wave-wave interactions, wave refraction, and reflection. Additional tests with an angled channel cut into the reef showed net offshore flow in the channel and near the reef centerline, where a net alongshore velocity also was measured. Wave heights were similar to the non-channel tests, but longer-period waves with higher incident heights generally showed greater heights in the shoaling region. A cross-section of the 3-D reef was duplicated and installed in a wave tank. The 2-D experiments were performed for similar wave and water level conditions as in the three-dimensional tests. Reef slopes of 1:2.5 and 1:5 were examined. Transformation results were similar to the 3-D tests except that a strong return flow was observed which increased breaker height. Reef roughness was varied for both the 2-D and 3-D tests, but had little effect on the waves, indicating that a rougher surface would be necessary to reduce wave height.
|Appears in Collections:||Technical Report|