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|Title:||A numerical model simulating water flow and contaminant and sediment transport in WAterSHed systems of 1-D stream-river network, 2-D overland regime, and 3-D subsurface media (WASH123D: version 1.0)|
|Authors:||Pennsylvania State University. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering|
Yeh, Gour-Tsyh (George), 1940-
Cheng, Jing-Ru C., 1963-
Lin, Hsin-Chi J.
Martin, William D.
|Keywords:||Contaminant and sediment transport|
Galerkin finite element method
|Publisher:||Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory (U.S.)|
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
|Series/Report no.:||Technical report (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; CHL-98-19.|
This report presents the development of a numerical model simulating water flow and contaminant and sediment transport in watershed systems of one-dimensional river/stream network, two-dimensional overland regime, and three-dimensional subsurface media. The model is composed of two modules: flow and transport. Three options are provided in modeling the flow module in river/stream network and overland regime: the kinematic wave approach, diffusion wave approach, and dynamic wave approach. The kinematic and diffusion wave approaches are known to be numerically robust in terms of numerical convergency and stability; i.e., they can generate convergent and stable simulations over a wide range of ground surface slopes in the entire watershed. The question is the accuracy of these simulations. The kinematic wave approach usually produces accurate solutions only over the region of steep slopes. The diffusion wave approach normally gives accurate solutions over the region of mild to steep slopes. However, neither approach has the ability to yield accurate solutions over the region of small slopes, in which the inertial forces are no longer negligible compared to the gravitational forces. The kinematic wave approach cannot address the problems of backwater effects.
|Rights:||Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.|
|Appears in Collections:||Technical Report|
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|TR-CHL-98-19.pdf||83.22 MB||Adobe PDF|