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Title: Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) : Section 7.1.2, US Army Corps of Engineers Wildlife Resources Management Manual
Authors: Colorado State University.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Environmental Impact Research Program (U.S.)
Wasser, Clinton H.
Dittberner, Phillip L.
Mitchell, Wilma A.
Keywords: Switchgrass
Panicum virgatum
Plant materials
Tallgrass prairie
Habitat development
Habitat restoration
Habitat improvement
Grass establishment
Wildlife foods
Wildlife cover
Environmental management
Publisher: Environmental Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical report (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; EL-86-27.
Description: Technical Report
Abstract: A plant materials report on switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is provided as Section 7.1.2 of the US Army Corps of Engineers Wildlife Resources Management Manual. The report was prepared as a guide to assist the Corps District or project biologist with the selection, cultivation, and management of suitable plant materials for wildlife and habitat development programs. Topics covered include description, distribution, habitat requirements, wildlife value, establishment, maintenance, and cautions and limitations. Switchgrass is a native, perennial, warm-season bunchgrass and is a major component of the Midwestern tallgrass prairie. The seeds, foliage, and stiff upright stems provide food and cover for a variety of wildlife species. Distinguishing characteristics of switchgrass are described, and the species distribution and region of maximum abundance are given. Soil, moisture, and shade requirements are specified, and common plant associates in tallgrass prairies are listed. Food and cover value for several species of wildlife is discussed. The section on establishment provides guidelines for site selection, site preparation, propagule selection, and planting methods. Recommended planting mixtures are given for several regions. Maintenance requirements and cautions and limitations are discussed.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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