Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Transfer of invasive species associated with the movement of military equipment and personnel|
|Authors:||Cofrancesco, Alfred F.|
Reaves, David R.
Averett, Daniel E.
Embarkation (Military science)
|Publisher:||Environmental Laboratory (U.S.)|
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
|Series/Report no.:||ERDC/EL; TR-07-8.|
|Abstract:||Abstract: This document provides a general overview of the current process that exists to clean, inspect, and regulate the movement of invasive species through ports of embarkation and debarkation. The Department of Defense rapidly moves extensive quantities of personnel and equipment throughout the world and invasive species are hampering these operations. Every military unit that passes through a port of embarkation and debarkation is subjected to scrutiny and inspections to preclude the movement of invasive species from one region of the world to another. Depending on the region where personnel and equipment are moving, the inspection and cleaning process can last weeks, even for small units. The costs in time and money are generally overlooked and have often been attributed to another operational requirement; however, as countries increase their awareness of invasive species, these costs and commitment will rise. Information compiled during this project indicates that over half a million man hours and $16 million were needed to process 9 months of personnel and equipment through ports of embarkation in Kuwait during FY04. These requirements and costs will increase unless processes are established that assist the unit commanders in complying with requirements related to invasive species.|
|Appears in Collections:||Technical Report|