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Title: Dynamic response characteristics of a model arch dam
Authors: United States. Army. Office of the Chief of Engineers.
Norman, Charles D.
Crowson, Roger D.
Balsara, Jimmy P.
Keywords: Arch dams
Dynamic tests
Finite element method
Hydrodynamic pressures
North Fork Dam
Structural analysis
Vibration tests
Publisher: Weapons Effects Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical report (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; N-76-3.
Description: Technical report
Abstract: Vibration tests were conducted on a 1:24-scale model of the North Fork Dam, a double-curvature arch dam, to determine natural frequencies, mode shapes, and hydrodynamic pressures. The mode shapes, natural frequencies, and hydrodynamic pressures were determined from tests using two vibrators mounted on the crest of the dam. Hydrodynamic pressures at the dam-reservoir interface were also determined from tests in which the vibrator was attached to the downstream foundation of the dam. The hydrodynamic pressures calculated using Westergaard's theory and a theory for arch dams developed by Perumalswami and Kar accurately predicted the measured pressure at frequencies below the first mode frequency of the dam. The differences in the two theories were insignificant. The Structural Analysis Program (SAP), a linear three-dimensional (3-D) finite element code, was used to compute mode shapes and frequencies for the dam with its base rigidly fixed and also for a case in which the degree of fixity was established by the foundation. Numerical solution schemes used in the finite element analysis consisted of a Ritz analysis and a subspace iteration method. Calculations were conducted for both full and empty reservoir conditions. The accuracy of the Ritz analysis improved considerably as more nodes in flexible regions of the dam were loaded. However, the lowest eigenvalues were computed using the subspace iteration method. For the full reservoir, the natural frequencies decreased by 20-30 percent when the foundation was included in the finite element model. The difference was less when the reservoir was empty. The calculations using the subspace iteration scheme and including the foundation agreed closely with experimental mode shapes and corresponding natural frequencies.
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