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Title: Investigation of construction and maintenance of airdromes on ice, 1946-47 : report of investigations
Authors: United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. New England Division. Soils Laboratory
Keywords: Airfields
Ice runways
Snow construction
Ice construction
Sea ice
Ice strength
Publisher: Arctic Construction and Frost Effects Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical report (Arctic Construction and Frost Effects Laboratory (U.S.)) ; no. 8.
Description: Technical report
Purpose: A preliminary investigation of the feasibility of and methods for the design, construction, and maintenance of airdromes on ice was conducted, by the Soils Laboratory, of the New England Division during the 1946-1947 fiscal year. The phenomena of formation and melting of ice were reviewed. A few of the pertinent characteristics of snow were examined. Data on locations and characteristics of possible airdrome sites in the Arctic and Sub-Arctic were compiled, and maps were prepared. Construction and maintenance problems were studied. A glossary of ice terms and a bibliography were assembled. A report on aviation uses of ice was prepared by Dr. Vilhjalmur Stefansson. Translations of Russian material were made in the Stefansson Library. Flexure strength and density tests were performed on natural and artificial and on fresh water and salt water ice. Two load bearing capacity tests were performed on natural fresh water ice in a test pond which was constructed at Dow Field, Bangor, Maine. It is concluded that it is feasible to-construct and maintain temporary military airdromes on ice. The maximum length of useful season will depend mainly upon the type and age of ice, upon freezing conditions, and upon the weight of planes it is desired to use. Preliminary design criteria are presented, including tentative design charts based on elastic theory analysis which show ice thicknesses required for various plane loads and various types of ice. The design curves are subject to confirmation and revision on basis of future tests-and performance experience. NOTE: This file is very large. Allow your browser several minutes to download the file
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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