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|Title:||Use of vegetation in delineating wetland borders in upper Missouri River Basin : North-Central United States|
|Authors:||Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.|
Wetlands Research Program (U.S.)
Johnson, W. Carter.
Mayes, Richard A.
Sharik, Terry L.
|Keywords:||Missouri River Basin|
|Publisher:||Environmental Laboratory (U.S.)|
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Abstract: Wetland-nonwetland transition zones in the Missouri River Basin of the north-central United States were studied in seven wetlands ranging in size, permanence, and salinity to develop an efficient sampling methodology that utilized vegetation data to delineate wetland boundaries. One hundred and sixty species of vascular plants occurred in twenty sample transects. Sampling methodology suggested for use in the study area (200-km radius of Sioux Falls, South Dakota) is a combination of the belt transect method (contiguous quadrats) to estimate cover by species and a cover board to measure vertical structure. The methods require a combined sampling time of about 9 min/m of transect, corresponding to a sampling time of 3.2 hr for a transect of average length. A streamlined methodology was also devised whereby sampling time could be cut in half. General upper and lower borders of the transition zone were determined from direct gradient analysis graphs. Specific borders were determined from the occurrence of compositional dichotomies displayed in ordination models. The upper border of the transition zone is suggested as the most probable wetland border. This border appears to represent the upper limit of disturbance from wetland processes (siltation during drawdown, ice scouring, variable surface and subsurface hydrologic regime). The transition zone (between emergent aquatic and low prairie zones) is strongly influenced by wetland disturbances and, therefore, contains a large proportion of opportunistic, ruderal species. The lower border of the transition zone is highly variable annually, while the upper border appears to be relatively stable. NOTE: This file is large. Allow your browser several minutes to download the file.
|Appears in Collections:||Technical Report|