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Title: A mathematical model of submersed aquatic plants
Authors: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Center for Ecological Modeling.
Aquatic Plant Control Research Program (U.S.)
Collins, Carol D.
Park, R. A.
Boylen, Charles W.
Keywords: Aquatic ecology
Aquatic plants
Aquatic plant control
Mathematical models
Numerical models
Eurasian watermilfoil
Myriophyllum spicatum
Hydrilla verticillata
Water quality
Environmental management
Publisher: Environmental Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Description: Miscellaneous Paper
Abstract: Submersed aquatic plants or macrophytes often contribute significantly to primary production in lakes and reservoirs. Macrophyte growth and decomposition can influence the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of aquatic ecosystems, including temperature and concentrations of dissolved oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, inorganic carbon, detritus, phytoplankton, and fish. A mathematical model of submersed aquatic macrophyte growth and decomposition was developed for use with the US Army Corps of Engineers' one-dimensional reservoir water quality model, CE-QUAL-R1, which was developed under the Environmental and Water Quality Operational Studies (EWQOS). The ecological processes recommended for inclusion with the macrophyte compartment include gross production, dark respiration, photorespiration, nonpredatory mortality, and grazing. The influence of these processes on other compartments in CE-QUAL-R1 is described. Select process equations have been validated using a stand-alone version of the recommended model based upon experimental results derived from the literature and other research at the US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station for two macrophyte species, Myriophyllun spicatum and Hydrilla verticillata. Management control strategies can be simulated for mechanical harvesting and chemical control of the plants.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Miscellaneous Paper

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