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Title: Salinity problems of organisms in coastal areas subject to the effect of engineering works
Authors: Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (Ocean Springs, Miss.)
Gunter, Gordon, 1909-
Ballard, Buena S. (Buena Street)
Venkataramiah, A.
Keywords: Aquatic biology
Coastal engineering
Coastal environment
Estuarine ecology
Marine ecology
Aquatic ecology
Salinity effects
Sea water
Marine animals
Gulf Coast
Atlantic Coast
Publisher: Hydraulics Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Contract report (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; H-73-3.
Description: Contract Report
Abstract: The nongaseous substances normally moving in and out of cells are metabolites, water and salts. The common salts in water determine its salinity, and the definition of sea water salinity and its composition are discussed. The relationships to salinity of all phyla of animals living in the coastal waters are reviewed, with emphasis on the estuaries of the Gulf coast and Atlantic coast of the United States, areas particularly influenced by coastal engineering works and changes of salinity caused thereby. The salinity relations of saltwater plants is less well known than those of the animals; however, a summary is given on what information we have concerning the flowering plants of the marshes and the totally submerged marine grasses along the Gulf coast. Each separate bay, sound or estuary is an individual case with regard to salinity, but they can be appraised by biologists acquainted with the local fauna and flora so as to minimize and possibly even enhance their biotic potential in connection with salinity changes caused by engineering works. NOTE: This file is large. Allow your browser several minutes to download the file.
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