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Title: Tensile strength of ice under triaxial stresses
Authors: Haynes, F. Donald.
Keywords: Compressive stress
Ice strength
Tensile strength
Tension tests
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Research report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 312.
Description: Research Report
Abstract: An investigation was conducted to determine the effect of a compressive stress on the tensile strength of bubbly polycrystalline ice. One hundred forty-five tests were made in an apparatus of novel design. A cylindrical dumbbell specimen was stressed in axial tension and radial and tangential compression by a hydraulic system which minimized bending stresses. Compression-tension ratios ranging from 0.21 to 10.14 were used for the tests. Tensile strength was found to decrease with an increase in the ratio. At the ratio of 3.155 the tensile strength is about one third the uniaxial value. The test results support the evidence that the Brazil test underestimates the tensile strength for ice. They also indicate that the Brazil test value for ice can be no greater than one third the uniaxial tensile strength. A comparison of the experimental results with a few prominent biaxial failure theories indicates a lower tensile strength than predicted by any theory. However, the best approximation to the results is the Coulomb-Mohr criterion.
Appears in Collections:CRREL Research Report

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