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Title: Strength and deformability of rocks at low temperatures
Authors: Mellor, Malcolm.
Keywords: Compressive strength
Frozen rocks
Static fatigue
Tensile strength
Low temperature
Water content
Elastic moduli
Rock moisture
Rock mechanics
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Research report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 294.
Description: Research Report
Abstract: Strength tests were made on three types of rock, both "air-dry" and water-saturated, at temperatures from +25° to -195°C, and stress/strain tests were made down to -60°C. Strength of air-dry specimens increased with decreasing temperature at an average rate of approximately 2 x 10^-3 °C^-1, and quasi-elastic moduli increased at comparable rates. Static fatigue mechanisms in air-dry rock were apparently influenced by temperature-modification of adsorbed water. Strength of water-saturated specimens increased dramatically as pore water froze, and continued to increase down to -120°C, where compressive and tensile strengths were greater than room temperature values by factors of 5, 4 and 2 for sandstone, limestone and granite respectively. Compressive stress/strain curves for saturated rocks became steeper after freezing, and initial tangent moduli for saturated high porosity rocks increased by well over an order of magnitude.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Research Report

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