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|Title:||Origin and environmental significance of large-scale patterned ground, Donnelly Dome area, Alaska|
|Authors:||University of Alaska Fairbanks. Dept. of Geology.|
Church, Richard E.
Péwé, Troy Lewis, 1918-1999
Andresen, Marvin J.
Donnelly Dome, Alaska
Ice wedge polygons
|Publisher:||Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)|
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
|Series/Report no.:||Research report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 159.|
Abstract: Large-scale patterned ground in the Donnelly Dome area of central Alaska consists of polygons 25 to 46 m in diameter bounded by shallow troughs 1 to 2 m wide that form the sides of the polygons. The troughs are underlain by wedge-shaped masses of sediments that extend downward 2 to 3 m. Texture of the sediments of the wedges is distinct from that of the poorly stratified glacial outwash gravel that the wedges transect. Sediments of the wedge vary texturally along the strike and vertically within a given wedge. The coarsest material in the wedge is about 75 mm in diameter, which is the same size as the coarsest material in the outwash. The fine material in the wedges is silt, the same as that which blankets the area. The patterned ground of the Donnelly Dome area originated during Wisconsin time when the mean annual air temperature was at least 3°C colder than now. A polygonal network of large-scale thermal contraction cracks formed in the gravel during the winters and ice wedges grew in the permafrost. With the warming of the climate in post-Wisconsin time most of the perennially frozen gravel thawed and the ice wedges melted. The voids created by the melting of the ice wedges were filled with sediment that was washed from the surface or collapsed from the thawed sides of the voids. The troughs bounding the polygons are now, however, no longer underlain with ice wedges but with ice wedge pseudomorphs ("fossil" ice wedges). NOTE: This file is large. Allow the server several minutes to download the file.
|Appears in Collections:||CRREL Research Report|
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