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Title: A digital computer simulation of the annual snow and soil thermal regimes at Barrow, Alaska
Authors: National Science Foundation (U.S.)
University of Alaska Fairbanks. Geophysical Institute.
University of Michigan. Dept. of Geography.
Outcalt, Samuel I.
Goodwin, C.
Weller, Gunter, 1934-
Brown, Jerry, 1936-
Keywords: Frozen soils
Frozen ground
Snow surveys
Water storage
Mathematical models
Mathematical analysis
Computer programs
Computer simulation
Water supply
Snow cover
Issue Date: Mar-1975
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Research report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 331.
Description: Research Report
Abstract: An annual snow-soil simulator for Arctic tundra was developed using coupled models of surface equilibrium temperature and substrate thermal diffusion. Snow ripening, melt and accumulation are modeled in the simulator which is forced with daily weather data. The simulator predicts that a snow fence array capable of producing drift deeper than 4.2 meters will initiate a permanent snowfield at Barrow, Alaska. Such a man-induced snowfield could serve as a reliable source of fresh water for Barrow and similar villages in the North Slope region of Alaska. Further analysis indicated that albedo reduction due to dust fall, snow removal, etc., is dominant over aerodynamic effects in producing the early spring meltout observed at Barrow Village.
Appears in Collections:CRREL Research Report

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