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Title: Hydrologic reconnaissance of the Delta River and its drainage basin, Alaska
Authors: United States. Army Arctic Test Center
Dingman, S. L.
Samide, H. R.
Lynch, M. J.
Slaughter, Charles W.
Saboe, Dwane
Keywords: Alaska
Delta River, Alaska
Channel flow
River basin
Stream flow
Aerial photography
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Research report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 262.
Description: Research Report
Abstract: A one-year reconnaissance study was made of a large braided glacial river and its drainage basin (drainage area 1665 m^2; elevation range 1000 - 10,000 ft) for which a minimum of hydrometric and meteorologic data existed. The report includes estimates of the water balance, flow-duration curves, and sediment characteristics, and descriptions of stream response to glacial melt and rain, channel geometry and channel processes. Mean annual basin precipitation is estimated at 40.4 in. and mean annual loss of permanent glacial storage is about 1 in. About 30% of this leaves the basin as evapotranspiration, 50% as stream flow, and 20% as groundwater flow. Characteristics of response to glacial melt are outlined. Flow peaks near the mouth occur within 24 hours of rainfall Greater than 0.5 in./day at foothills meteorological stations; rains of less than that amount do not generally produce discernible stream response. Stream channel geometry is described in detail. Most channels on the lower floodplain are asymmetrical and are roughly triangular or parabolic, and have high width/depth ratios. At-a-station hydraulic geometry is described. Surveys and gr ound and aerial photography are used to describe channel changes.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Research Report

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