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|Title:||Estimates for explosives residue from the detonation of army munitions|
|Authors:||Hewitt, Alan D. (Alan Dole)|
Jenkins, Thomas F.
Ranney, Thomas A.
Stark, Jeffrey A.
Walsh, Marianne E.
Walsh, Michael R.
Lambert, Dennis J.
Perron, Nancy M.
Collins, Nicholas H.
Kam, Richard A.
|Publisher:||Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)|
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
|Series/Report no.:||ERDC/CRREL ; TR-03-16.|
|Abstract:||Snow was used as a collection medium to examine explosives residues following the high-order detonation of various military munitions. After detonation, a set of large (1-m²) samples of residue-covered snow were collected, processed, and analyzed for explosives without cross contamination from previous detonations and other potential matrix interferences. Trials were performed to quantify explosives residues following the detonation of 60-, 81-, and 120-mm mortar rounds, 105- and 155-mm howitzer rounds, M67 hand grenades, 40-mm rifle grenades, blocks of C4, several different types of land mines, Bangalore torpedoes, and a shaped demolition charge. Munitions were detonated following both common military live-fire and blow-in-place techniques. When possible, the same munition was detonated several times using the same conditions to provide a more reliable estimation of the percentage of high explosives that were deposited on the snow surface. In addition to using the snow surface as a collection medium, aluminum trays and steel plates were used in some of the detonation trials.|
|Appears in Collections:||Technical Report|
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