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Title: Stability of CL-20, TNAZ, HMX, RDX, NG, and PETN in moist unsaturated soil
Authors: Jenkins, Thomas F.
Bartolini, Claudia.
Ranney, Thomas A.
Keywords: Soils
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: ERDC/CRREL ; TR-03-7
Abstract: The stability of a number of the chemical components of energetic materials was evaluated in three moist, unsaturated soils. This study was conducted to evaluate the stability of several components of currently used energetic materials and two chemicals that may be used in future energetic material compositions in unsaturated, moist surface soils from three military training ranges. The compounds studied were nitroglycerin (NG), pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN), hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX), hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane (CL-20), and 1,3,3-trinitroazetidine (TNAZ). Three soils from military training ranges were fortified using an aqueous spiking solution and the residual concentrations were measured after 0, 1, 4, 8, 14, and 29 days at 22∞C in the dark. The results indicate that the half-life of TNAZ and NG in all three test soils was less than one day, the half-life for PETN varied from 0.45 to 2.4 days, the half-life for RDX ranged from 94 to 154 days, the half-life for HMX varied from 133 to 2,310 days, and the half-life for CL-20 varied from 144 to 686 days.
Description: Technical Report
Gov't Doc #: ERDC/CRREL TR-03-7
Size: 25 pages/413.5 Kb
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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