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Title: Measurement of lateral tire performance on winter surfaces
Authors: Phetteplace, Gary E.
Shoop, Sally A. (Sally Annette)
Slagle, Travis.
Keywords: Tires--Lateral stability
Issue Date: Aug-2007
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: ERDC/CRREL ; TR-07-13
Abstract: Extending two-dimensional models of tire–vehicle interaction to full three-dimensional functionality requires an understanding of lateral forces on off-road terrain and low-friction surfaces. Experiments were conducted at the Nevada Automotive Test Center using two principal tires—an all-season LT235/75R15, which has been the subject of many tests on the CRREL Instrumented Vehicle (CIV), and a tire used on the military’s HMMWV, size 37X12.50R16.5—on ice, packed snow, and disaggregated snow. The tests showed that the lateral coefficient of friction for both tires increases rapidly with slip angle from zero slip angle. For the packed and disaggregated snow surfaces, the lateral coefficient of friction appears to asymptotically approach a maximum value with increasing slip angle to slip angles of approximately 15 degrees. For the ice surface, the initial behavior is similar, but the peak lateral coefficient of friction is reached at low slip angles, normally 2-4 degrees, and then the lateral coefficient of friction falls off significantly. With respect to peak lateral friction coefficients, the two tires behave similarly on each surface with one exception: on ice the HMMWV tire develops peak values approximately 50% of those generated by the CIV tire. Tire pressure impacts were not significant, but the trends were for higher lateral traction with lower tire pressures.
Description: Technical Report
Gov't Doc #: ERDC/CRREL TR-07-13
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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