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Title: Dune stabilization with panicum amarum along the North Carolina coast
Authors: North Carolina State University
Seneca, E. D.
Woodhouse, W. W. (William Walton), 1910-
Broome, S. W. (Stephen White), 1945-
Keywords: American Beachgrass
Bitter Panicum
Dune Building
Dune Stabilization
North Carolina Coast
Sea Oats
Beach Vegetation
Issue Date: Feb-1976
Publisher: Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Miscellaneous report (Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)) ; no. 76-3.
Description: Miscellaneous Report
Abstract: This study was conducted to determine the dune stabilizing and dune building potentia1 of Panicum amarum (bitter panicum) along the North Carolina coast. A nursery was established with transplants collected from two coastal locations to provide transplants for field experiments. Techniques for propagation, handling, processing, and planting bitter panicum for use in coastal areas were determined. Experimental plantings with emphasis on bitter panicum together with Ammophila breviligulata (American beachgrass) and Uniola paniculata (sea oats) were made at two coastal locations. On a sandy site about 300 meters inland where there was relatively little sand moving, bitter panicum contributed more of the estimated cover through two growing seasons than either of the other two grasses. Over a 24-month period at a foredune site, bitter panicum accumulated about one-fourth the sand accumulated by either three selections of American beachgrass or mixed species plantings involving all three grasses. Results indicate that the principal values of bitter panicum are in stabilizing sandy coastal areas and in mixed species plantings to build and stabilize coastal foredunes in the southeastern United States.
Appears in Collections:Miscellaneous Report

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