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dc.contributor.authorRay, Gary L.-
dc.descriptionTechnical note-
dc.descriptionPurpose: New species of estuarine and marine animals are inadvertently or intentionally introduced into the waters of the United States every year (Figure 1). Variously referred to as introduced, nonindigenous (NIS), alien, nonnative, or exotic species, most pose little or no threat; however, a few have the potential to disrupt local ecosystems, fisheries, and human infrastructure. Such invasions directly impact the mission of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) through its responsibilities for construction and maintenance of harbors, ports, and waterways; erosion control; management of water resources; and wetland and coastal habitat restoration. The general biology and ecology of invasive estuarine and marine animals have been described in previous reports (Carlton 2001, Ray 2005). This report is part of a series describing the biology and ecology of known invasive estuarine and marine animals in the major geographic regions of the United States. Invasive animals of the South Atlantic region including Puerto Rico are described and examples of species posing a specific threat to USACE activities are identified.-
dc.descriptionAquatic Nuisance Species Research Program (U.S.)-
dc.publisherEnvironmental Laboratory (U.S.)-
dc.publisherEngineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)-
dc.rightsApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.-
dc.sourceThis Digital Resource was created in Microsoft Word and Adobe Acrobat.-
dc.subjectMarine biological invasion-
dc.subjectEstaurine ecology-
dc.subjectSouth Atlantic Ocean-
dc.subjectPuerto Rico-
dc.titleInvasive marine and estuarine animals of the South Atlantic and Puerto Rico-
Appears in Collections:Technical Note

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