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Title: Failure to detect the neurotoxin β-n-methylamino-l-alanine in samples collected during an avian vacuolar myelinopathy (AVM) epornitic in J. Strom Thurmond Lake
Authors: Haynie, Rebecca S.
Christensen, Stephanie J.
Bidigare, Robert R.
Herrin, James A.
Wilde, Susan B.
Banack, Sandra
Keywords: Neurotoxins
Avian Vacuolar Myelinopathy (AVM)
J. Strom Thurmond Lake (Ga. and S.C.)
Aquatic Nuisance Species Research Program (U.S.)
Publisher: Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical Note (Aquatic Nuisance Species Research Program (U.S.)) ; no. ERDC/TN ANSRP-15-2
Abstract: The neurotoxin β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), which is produced by wide genera of cyanobacteria, has been proposed as a factor in the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Parkinsonism-dementia complex (PDC), and Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). This compound was previously detected in epiphytic alga and vegetation samples collected from a reservoir with frequent outbreaks of avian vacuolar myelinopathy (AVM). The purpose of this work was to evaluate samples of aquatic vegetation with the associated cyanobacterium and waterbird tissues collected during an AVM epornitic and from a novel site. Samples were tested for the presence of BMAA using a recently updated analytical technique, high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry LC-MS/MS. Identifying the putative toxin will be important in determining the etiology of AVM and evaluating risks to fish, wildlife, and humans using these aquatic systems.
Description: Technical Note
Gov't Doc #: ERDC/TN ANSRP-15-2
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
Appears in Collections:Technical Note

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