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Title: Dissolution kinetics of IMX-101 and IMX-104 : operating procedure series : characterization of IMX dissolution
Authors: McGrath, Christian J.
Porter, Beth E.
Brame, Jonathon A.
Chappell, Mark A. (Mark Allen)
Russell, Amber L.
Keywords: Chemical kinetics
Chemical reactions
Environmental aspects
Chemical agents (Munitions)
Dissolution kinetics
Publisher: Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical Report (Environmental Laboratory (U.S.)) ; no.ERDC/EL TR-16-9
Abstract: The quantitative description of explosives dissolution is an essential component in predicting the fate and effects of munitions-associated, crystalline source materials that could potentially be released into the environment. This report offers a protocol for the assessment of Insensitive Munitions eXplosive (IMX) dissolution under controlled laboratory conditions. Experiments assess dissolution of IMX-101 and IMX-104 into moderately-hard reconstituted water (MHRW) at multiple temperatures (3–20°C) and paddle mixing rates (20–50 RPM). Details of the experimental design, procedures, and their rationale are discussed. The uniform experimental conditions provide for reproducible quantification of behavior designed to inform field-scale predictions where conditions are inevitably more complex and variable. The relative magnitude of dissolution rates are as follows: NQ > NTO > DNAN > RDX. An exponential kinetic model is fitted to a small data sample to demonstrate one of many possible interpretations.
Description: Technical Report
Gov't Doc #: ERDC/EL TR-16-9
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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