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dc.contributor.authorLewis, Roy R., 1944--
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Carolyn S.-
dc.creatorSeabird Research, Inc. (Culver City, Calif.)-
dc.identifier.govdocTechnical Report D-78-14; Volume II-
dc.descriptionTechnical Reporten_US
dc.description.abstractThis study was made to determine succession of vegetation on various aged dredged material islands in Florida. Forty islands in five selected study areas were intensively examined. An extensive literature review was conducted. Vertical aerial photographs and vegetation maps of each island are presented. A total of 141 plant species were found to occur on the islands. In Florida, typical island vegetation occurred through colonization by propagules from water-, wind-, and bird-carried sources. Marsh grasses such as smooth cordgrass preceded establishment by upland species such as Brazilian pepper, Australian pine, sabal palm, and herbaceous and grass cover. Bird use of the islands was directly related to the stage of plant succession, and bird fecal material was found to affect the vegetation both adversely and beneficially depending upon location. Recommendations for management include creation of new islands and enlargement and stabilization of existing eroding islands for bird use. Maintenance of unvegetated sites as critical habitat for terns and black skimmers is also recommended.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipDredged Material Research Program (U.S.)en_US
dc.format.extent186 pages / 21.59 MB-
dc.publisherU.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Stationen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesTechnical Report (Dredged Material Research Program (U.S.)) ; no. D-78-14; Volume II-
dc.rightsApproved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited-
dc.sourceThis Digital Resource was created from scans of the Print Resource-
dc.subjectSea birds--Floridaen_US
dc.subjectColonial birds--Floridaen_US
dc.subjectPlant succession--Floridaen_US
dc.subjectPlant ecologyen_US
dc.subjectDredging spoilen_US
dc.subjectDredged materialen_US
dc.titleColonial bird use and plant succession on dredged material islands in Florida. Vol. II, Patterns of plant successionen_US
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