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Title: Waste management and landfill facilities assessment using unmanned aircraft systems
Authors: Urban, Angela B.
Strange, Ryan C.
Ward, Andrew B.
Rodriguez, Giselle.
Howard, Heidi R.
Keywords: Drone aircraft
Military bases
Refuse and refuse disposal
Remote sensing
Sanitary landfills-–Monitoring
Publisher: Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical Report (Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)) ; no. ERDC TR-23-5
Abstract: Finite and decreasing landfill space on Army installations is a significant concern. Efficient waste management is essential for achieving resiliency and extending the lifespan of remaining landfills. The purpose of this demonstration was to conduct independent performance tests of small unmanned aircraft systems (sUAS) and their utility for providing landfill assessments in remote areas where physical presence is either dangerous or inefficient. An active, near capacity construction and demolition (C&D) landfill at Fort Gordon, Georgia, was identified for the demonstration. The flights, data requirements, and outputs generated by the sUAS flyovers were analyzed for efficacy in detecting cell capacity and subsidence. Each flight took 1–2 hours for mobilization, ground marker placement, flight, and postflight analysis. Volumetric and topographic surveys were analyzed in less time than is typical for traditional surveying methods. After initial setup of ground markers and rectification, sUAS flights save a significant amount of time. However, skilled individuals are required for flights and for processing and maintaining data. The technology is widely relevant to the Army, is commercially available, and offers an average of 30% cost savings in terms of manpower, repeatability, and equipment. The use of sUAS technology is recommended for monitoring and surveying Army landfills.
Description: Technical Report
Gov't Doc #: ERDC TR-23-5
Rights: Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited
Size: 99 pages / 24.43 MB
Types of Materials: PDF
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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