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|Title:||A review of tidal embayment shoaling mechanisms in the context of future wetland placement|
|Authors:||Krafft, Douglas R.|
Bain, Rachel L.
Cadigan, Jack A.
Sedimentation and deposition
|Publisher:||Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)|
|Series/Report no.:||Special Report (Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)) ; no. ERDC/CHL SR-22-5|
|Abstract:||Wetland construction in tidally influenced embayments is a strategy for beneficial use of sediment dredged from nearby navigation channels. These projects have the potential to alter basin morphology, tidal hydrodynamics, and shoaling trends. This special report provides a broad review of the literature related to engineering-induced changes in tidal range, salinity, tidal prism, tidal asymmetry, and other known causes of shoaling. Each potential shoaling mechanism is then evaluated in the context of wetland placement to provide a foundation for future beneficial use research. Based on a compilation of worldwide examples, wetland placement may reduce tidal amplitude and enhance ebb current dominance, thus reducing shoaling rates in the channels. However, constructed wetlands could also reduce the embayment’s tidal prism and cause accelerated shoaling relative to the pre-engineered rate. Because constructed wetlands are often created in conjunction with navigation channel dredging, the system’s morphologic response to wetland construction is likely to be superimposed upon its response to channel deepening, and the net effect may vary depending on a variety of system-specific parameters. Planning for future wetland placements should include an evaluation of local hydrodynamic behavior considering these factors to predict site-specific response.|
|Gov't Doc #:||ERDC/CHL SR-22-5|
|Rights:||Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited|
|Size:||91 pages / 3.81 MB|
|Types of Materials:|
|Appears in Collections:||Special Report|
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|ERDC-CHL SR-22-5.pdf||3.81 MB||Adobe PDF|