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Title: Dissolution of NTO, DNAN, and insensitive munitions formulations and their fates in soils : SERDP ER-2220
Authors: Dontsova, Katerina M.
Taylor, Susan.
Arthur, Jennifer D.
Becher, Julie B.
Brusseau, Mark L.
Hunt, Edward.
Mark, Noah W.
Ringelberg, David B.
Šimůnek, Jiří.
Walsh, Marianne E.
Keywords: Explosives, Military--Environmental aspects
Explosives, Military--Residues
Explosives, Military--Dissolution (Chemistry)
Soil absorption and adsorption
Soil pollution
Publisher: Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical Report Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)) ; no. ERDC/CRREL TR-22-22
Abstract: The US military is interested in replacing TNT (2,4,6-trinitrotoluene) and RDX (1,3,5-hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine) with DNAN (2,4-di-nitroanisole) and NTO (3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one), which have similar explosive characteristics but are less likely to detonate unintentionally. Although these replacements are good explosives, basic information about their fate and transport was needed to evaluate their environmental impact and life-cycle management. This project measured their dissolution, photodegradation, and how aqueous solutions interact with soils, data critical to determining exposure potential and, consequently, risk.
Description: Technical Report
Gov't Doc #: ERDC/CRREL TR-22-22
Rights: Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited
Size: 150 pages / 7.85 MB
Types of Materials: PDF
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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