Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/11681/45024
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dc.contributor.authorKeil, Karen G.-
dc.contributor.authorEstes, Trudy J.-
dc.contributor.authorKreitinger, Joseph P.-
dc.contributor.authorLotufo, Guilherme R.-
dc.contributor.authorPrice, Richard A.-
dc.contributor.authorSuedel, Burton C.-
dc.contributor.authorHabberfield, Michael W.-
dc.contributor.authorHinterberger, Bryan A.-
dc.contributor.authorLenox, Andrew M.-
dc.contributor.authorPickard, Scott W.-
dc.contributor.authorWargo, Martin P.-
dc.contributor.authorMiller, Jason M.-
dc.contributor.authorMiller, Jennifer A.-
dc.contributor.authorSchroeder, P. R. (Paul R.)-
dc.creatorEnvironmental Laboratory (U.S.)-
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-11T18:17:30Z-
dc.date.available2022-08-11T18:17:30Z-
dc.date.issued2022-08-
dc.identifier.govdocERDC/EL TR-22-9-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/11681/45024-
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.21079/11681/45024-
dc.descriptionTechnical Reporten_US
dc.description.abstractThe Environmental Evaluation and Management of Dredged Material for Beneficial Use: A Regional Beneficial Use Testing Manual for the Great Lakes (a.k.a. Great Lakes Beneficial Use Testing Manual) is a resource document providing technical guidance for evaluating the suitability of dredged sediment for beneficial use in aquatic and terrestrial environments in the Great Lakes region. The procedures in this manual are based on the Environmental Laboratory extensive research, working with US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Great Lakes districts, state resource agencies, and local stakeholders seeking to develop dredged material beneficial use alternatives consistent with regional needs and goals. This manual is the first guidance document developed by USACE for evaluating the environmental suitability of dredged material specifically for beneficial use placements. It provides a tiered framework for evaluating the environmental suitability of aquatic and upland beneficial uses consistent with the Inland Testing Manual and the Upland Testing Manual. This manual is intended to serve as a regional platform to increase collaborative problem-solving and endorse a common understanding of the scientific and institutional practices for evaluating dredged material for any beneficial use. Dredged sediment may be managed as a valuable resource, with great potential to create economic, environmental, and social benefits.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipDredging Operations Technical Support Program (U.S.)en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUnited States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Detroit District-
dc.description.sponsorshipUnited States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Buffalo District-
dc.description.sponsorshipUnited States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Chicago District-
dc.description.tableofcontentsAbstract .................................................................................................................................... ii Figures and Tables .................................................................................................................. vi Preface .................................................................................................................................... ix Acknowledgements .............................................................................................................. xii Executive Summary ............................................................................................................... xv 1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 1 1.1 Background ........................................................................................................ 2 1.1.1 Dredged material management ................................................................................. 2 1.1.2 Dredged material management in the Great Lakes ................................................. 3 1.1.3 Development of dredged material evaluation frameworks ...................................... 7 1.2 Objective........................................................................................................... 10 1.3 Approach .......................................................................................................... 10 1.4 Scope ................................................................................................................ 10 1.4.1 What this manual is intended to address ................................................................ 11 1.4.2 What this manual is not intended to address ......................................................... 11 1.4.3 Content ...................................................................................................................... 12 2 Statutory and Regulatory Overview ............................................................................. 14 2.1 Regulatory considerations for aquatic placement ......................................... 16 2.1.1 The Clean Water Act (CWA) ...................................................................................... 16 2.1.2 The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and Endangered Species Act (ESA) 16 2.1.3 Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) ................................................................... 17 2.2 Regulatory considerations for upland placement ........................................ 18 2.2.1 The CWA .................................................................................................................... 18 2.2.2 The NEPA and ESA .................................................................................................... 19 2.2.3 The CZMA .................................................................................................................. 19 2.2.4 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) .................................................. 19 2.2.5 Other possible regulatory considerations for upland and aquatic placement ................................................................................................................................... 21 3 Beneficial Use Categories ............................................................................................ 24 3.1 Beneficial use alternatives ............................................................................. 25 3.2 Aquatic placement categories ....................................................................... 26 3.2.1 Aquatic habitat creation ........................................................................................... 26 3.2.2 Shore protection........................................................................................................ 27 3.2.3 Capping/remediation or confined aquatic placement for beneficial use purpose 29 3.3 Upland placement categories ........................................................................ 29 3.3.1 Upland habitat development .................................................................................... 30 3.3.2 Upland general fill ..................................................................................................... 31 3.3.3 Manufactured soils ................................................................................................... 32 3.4 Processed products ........................................................................................ 34 4 Principles for Beneficial Use of Dredged Material Evaluations ............................... 36 4.1 Key concepts for beneficial use of dredged material evaluations............... 39 4.1.1 Project goals and objectives ..................................................................................... 39 4.1.2 Assess project risks using conceptual site models (CSMs) .................................... 39 4.1.3 Measurement endpoints vs. risk assessment endpoints ....................................... 40 4.1.4 Use multiple lines of evidence for decision-making ................................................ 41 4.1.5 Spatial and temporal scales when assessing risk .................................................. 41 4.1.6 Relative vs. absolute risk .......................................................................................... 42 4.1.7 Understanding the relationship between predicting impact of a project and uncertainty .......................................................................................................................... 42 4.1.8 Weighing benefits against uncertainties ................................................................. 43 4.1.9 Engineering and operational controls to manage risk ............................................ 44 4.1.10 Pilot projects and adaptive management ................................................................ 44 4.2 Development of project goals for beneficial use of dredged material ........ 44 4.3 Development of a CSM ................................................................................... 45 4.3.1 Aquatic placement .................................................................................................... 46 4.3.2 Upland conceptual site models for nature preserves and agricultural sites 47 4.3.3 Upland Conceptual Site Model for Brownfield Restoration sites ........................... 49 4.3.4 Environmental setting and general characteristics of the placement site ............ 50 4.3.5 Placement operations and dredged material characteristics ................................ 50 4.3.6 Constituents of Potential Concern (COPCs) ............................................................. 51 4.3.7 Identifying relevant pathways for exposure ............................................................. 52 4.3.8 Receptors of concern ................................................................................................ 52 4.4 Documentation of initial evaluation and/or exclusions ............................... 54 4.5 Sampling strategy for beneficial use evaluation ........................................... 55 4.5.1 Physical and chemical testing for performance suitability ..................................... 57 4.5.2 Background, ambient, reference, and control samples ......................................... 61 5 Aquatic Beneficial Use Placement Evaluation Methods .......................................... 66 5.1 Introduction ..................................................................................................... 66 5.2 Tiered approach to aquatic testing and evaluation ...................................... 66 5.2.1 Tier I – Initial evaluation of potential ecological and human health impacts, and determination of exclusions ............................................................................... 67 5.2.2 Tier II – Screening potential ecological impacts ..................................................... 68 5.2.3 Tier III – Testing potential ecological impacts ......................................................... 70 5.2.4 Tier IV – Evaluating project-specific ecological exposures and lines of evidence 77 6 Upland Beneficial Use Evaluation Methods ............................................................... 79 6.1 Tiered approach for upland testing and evaluation ..................................... 80 6.1.1 Tier I – Identifying existing information ................................................................... 85 6.1.2 Tier II – Screening level assessment ....................................................................... 85 6.1.3 Tier III – Effects-based chemical and biological testing.......................................... 86 6.1.4 Tier IV – Site-specific risk assessment, relative risk, and benefit analysis ............ 87 6.2 Procedures for evaluating impacts through specific contaminant pathways ................................................................................................................... 88 6.2.1 Evaluating potential impacts from direct soil contact pathways............................ 88 6.2.2 Evaluating potential impacts from surface water and groundwater pathways 99 6.2.3 Evaluating potential impacts from plant and animal uptake pathways .............. 104 7 Risk Management ...................................................................................................... 109 7.1 Uncertainty and risk management in beneficial use projects ................... 109 7.2 Management of contaminant exposure risks during beneficial use projects.................................................................................................................... 111 7.3 Operational, engineering, and institutional controls .................................. 112 7.4 Controls for aquatic placement ................................................................... 114 7.4.1 Water column exposure pathway controls ............................................................ 114 7.4.2 Benthic exposure pathway controls ....................................................................... 115 7.5 Controls for upland placement .................................................................... 117 7.6 Use of adaptive management ...................................................................... 122 7.6.1 Components of an adaptive management plan .................................................... 123 7.6.2 Opportunities for adaptive management in beneficial use placement scenarios 124 7.7 Dredged material performance enhancements ......................................... 133 7.8 Summary ....................................................................................................... 133 8 Summary and Recommendations ............................................................................. 134 Bibliography ........................................................................................................................ 135 Abbreviations ...................................................................................................................... 161 Appendix A: Sources of Soil and Sediment Background (Reference) Concentrations in the Great Lakes States ............................................................... 164 Appendix B: Great Lakes State Environmental Guidance and Regulations for Beneficial Use of Dredged Material ..........................................................................170 Appendix C: Assessment of Ecological Soil Screening Levels (Eco-SSLs) for Determining Suitability of Dredged Material for Beneficial Use — Plant Pathway ........................................................................................................................ 191 Appendix D: Treatment of Impaired Sediments ............................................................. 209 Appendix E: Practical Considerations for Dredged Material Management: Water Management for Upland Placement of Dredged Material ......................... 251 Appendix F: Interpreting Laboratory Bioaccumulation Test Results on Dredged Sediment Proposed for Open-Water Placement ..................................................... 258 Report Documentation Page-
dc.format.extent295 pages / 9.21 MB-
dc.format.mediumPDF-
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherEngineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesTechnical Report (Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)) ; no. ERDC/EL TR-22-9-
dc.rightsApproved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited-
dc.sourceThis Digital Resource was created in Microsoft Word and Adobe Acrobat-
dc.subjectDredgingen_US
dc.subjectDredging spoil--Evaluationen_US
dc.subjectDredging spoil--Managementen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental managementen_US
dc.subjectGreat Lakes (North America)en_US
dc.titleEnvironmental evaluation and management of dredged material for beneficial use : a regional beneficial use testing manual for the Great Lakesen_US
dc.typeReporten_US
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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