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Title: Ballistic protection using snow
Authors: Blaisdell, George L.
Melendy, Terry D.
Blaisdell, Marin N.
Keywords: Snow construction
Force protection
Small-arms fire
Projectile penetration
Publisher: Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Miscellaneous Paper (Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)) ; no. ERDC/CRREL MP-22-11
Is Version Of: Blaisdell, George L., Terry D. Melendy, and Marin N. Blaisdell. "Ballistic protection using snow." International Journal of Impact Engineering 155 (2021): 103903.
Abstract: Small (5.56 mm, 7.62 mm and 9 mm) and medium (12.7 mm) arms rounds were fired at snow-filled 1.5m cubic gabions in a mid-winter condition in Fairbanks, Alaska. The rounds were excavated and penetration by each ammunition type was measured. A distribution and average of penetration depth was determined. All 320 rounds fired were captured within 1.5m after entering the snow barrier. Comparison with published models of ballistics penetration of snow showed mixed results with several matching our data within 10% and all but one within 32%. However, most of these models are simplistic in that they accommodate limited variables and therefore may not be expected to perform well in all settings. We conclude that snow-based ballistics protection structures can be quickly and efficiently erected in suitable environments and with minimal size, can provide reliable protection against small and medium arms fire.
Description: Miscellaneous Paper
Gov't Doc #: ERDC/CRREL MP-22-11
Rights: Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited
Size: 17 pages / 18.79 MB
Types of Materials: PDF/A
Appears in Collections:Miscellaneous Paper

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