Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Brazos River Basin, Texas : Natural Salt Pollution Control Study
Authors: United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Fort Worth District
Keywords: Brazos River Watershed (Tex.)
Water quality
Publisher: United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Fort Worth District.
Abstract: The quality of Brazos River main stem water is seriously degraded by emissions from major natural salt sources in the upper Brazos River Basin downstream from the Caprock Escarpment. The mineral pollutants consist principally of sodium chloride (common table salt) with moderate amounts of calcium sulfate (gypsum) and other dissolved solids. Because of this natural pollution only limited beneficial use can be made of Brazos River water in the 923-mile reach from Stonewall County to the Gulf of Mexico. Also, downstream higher quality tributary flows and tributary reservoir releases become polluted as they enter the Brazos River. These flows are presently programmed for meeting urgent water demands in the near and distant future. After formulating and evaluating a wide range of alternatives, it was concluded that substantial improvement of the quality of Brazos River water can be most economically attained by an initial plan of natural salt control consisting of three total impoundment brine reservoirs in the upper Brazos River Basin. The water quality improvement plan would also provide incidental benefits for flood control arid allow minimum to optimum development for recreation and fish and wildlife enhancement. Authorization and subsequent construction of the natural salt pollution control project is recommended at costs to the United States as follows: first cost of $50,285,000 and annual operation and maintenance costs of $216,000. The project costs are considered a Federal responsibility since the water quality and flood control benefits are of widespread nature and only minimum development of recreation and fish and wild life enhancement is included in the project at this time.
Description: Technical Report
Rights: Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited
Appears in Collections:Environmental Documents