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|Title:||Explosives conjugation products in remediation matrices : interim report|
|Authors:||University of Massachusetts at Lowell.|
Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Geological Survey (U.S.)
U.S. Army Natick Research, Development, and Engineering Center.
Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (U.S.)
Pennington, Judith C.
Honeycutt, Michael E.
Jarvis, A. Susan.
McFarland, Victor A.
Fredrickson, Herbert L.
Li, A. Z.
Marx, K. A.
Thorne, Philip G
Leggett, Daniel C.
Felt, Deborah R.
Porter, B. E.
Hayes, C. A.
Kaplan, D. L.
Allersmeier, C. H.
Thorn, K. A.
|Publisher:||Environmental Laboratory (U.S.)|
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Abstract: During investigations of potential treatment technologies for explosives-contaminated soils, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) has been observed to interact with some component of the matrix in such a way as to preclude extraction with organic solvents. Mass balance studies using radiolabeled TNT reveal that as much as 80 percent of the radioactivity added to tests is still present in the matrix. Therefore, the explosive has been changed to a more complex form. The long-term stability and environmental safety of these uncharacterized conjugates are unknown. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to characterize the conjugates, develop analytical methods for their identification, and determine their potential long-term stability and environmental safety. The approach includes development of hydrolytic methods for releasing identifiable explosives-related products from conjugated matrices, formation of conjugates by covalent linkage with humic acid functional groups using nuclear magnetic resonance, dialysis partitioning of explosives and transformation products with humic acid, surface plasmon resonance as a tool for assessing the interaction with humic acid, microbial degradability of conjugated products, and toxicology of explosives transformation and conjugated products. Results to date indicate that conjugates result from several processes occurring in the matrix. Some of these processes are potentially reversible, while others are more stable. NOTE: This file is large. Allow your browser several minutes to download the file.
|Appears in Collections:||Technical Report|