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|Title:||Environmental impact of metals resulting from military training activities : a review|
|Authors:||Barker, Amanda J.|
Clausen, Jay L.
Douglas, Thomas A.
Bednar, Anthony J.
Griggs, Christopher S.
Martin, William A.
Fate and transport
|Publisher:||Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)|
|Series/Report no.:||Miscellaneous Paper (Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)) ; no. ERDC MP-22-2|
|Is Version Of:||Barker, Amanda J., Jay L. Clausen, Thomas A. Douglas, Anthony J. Bednar, Christopher S. Griggs, and William A. Martin. "Environmental impact of metals resulting from military training activities: A review." Chemosphere 265 (2021): 129110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.129110|
|Abstract:||The deposition of metals into the environment as a result of military training activities remains a longterm concern for Defense organizations across the globe. Of particular concern for deposition and potential mobilization are antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), and tungsten (W), which are the focus of this review article. The fate, transport, and mobilization of these metals are complicated and depend on a variety of environmental factors that are often convoluted, heterogeneous, and site dependent. While there have been many studies investigating contaminant mobilization on military training lands there exists a lack of cohesiveness surrounding the current state of knowledge for these five metals. The focus of this review article is to compile the current knowledge of the fate, transport, and ultimate risks presented by metals associated with different military training activities particularly as a result of small arms training activities, artillery/mortar ranges, battleruns, rocket ranges, and grenade courts. From there, we discuss emerging research results and finish with suggestions of where future research efforts and training range designs could be focused toward further reducing the deposition, limiting the migration, and decreasing risks presented by metals in the environment. Additionally, information presented here may offer insights into Sb, As, Cu, Pb, and W in other environmental settings.|
|Gov't Doc #:||ERDC MP-22-2|
|Rights:||Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited|
|Size:||22 pages / 1.5 MB|
|Types of Materials:||PDF/A|
|Appears in Collections:||Miscellaneous Paper|
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|ERDC MP-22-2.pdf||1.5 MB||Adobe PDF|