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Title: Spatial variability of coastal foredune evolution, part A : timescales of months to years
Authors: Brodie, Katherine L.
Conery, Ian W.
Cohn, Nicholas T.
Spore, Nicholas J.
Palmsten, Margaret L.
Keywords: Terrestrial lidar
Coastal foredunes
Storm impacts
Dune recovery
Publisher: Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Miscellaneous Paper (Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)) ; no. ERDC/CHL MP-21-2
Is Version Of: Brodie, Katherine, Ian Conery, Nicholas Cohn, Nicholas Spore, and Margaret Palmsten. "Spatial variability of coastal foredune evolution, part a: Timescales of months to years." Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 7, no. 5 (2019): 124.
Abstract: Coastal foredunes are topographically high features that can reduce vulnerability to storm-related flooding hazards. While the dominant aeolian, hydrodynamic, and ecological processes leading to dune growth and erosion are fairly well-understood, predictive capabilities of spatial variations in dune evolution on management and engineering timescales (days to years) remain relatively poor. In this work, monthly high-resolution terrestrial lidar scans were used to quantify topographic and vegetation changes over a 2.5 year period along a micro-tidal intermediate beach and dune. Three-dimensional topographic changes to the coastal landscape were used to investigate the relative importance of environmental, ecological, and morphological factors in controlling spatial and temporal variability in foredune growth patterns at two 50 m alongshore stretches of coast. Despite being separated by only 700 m in the alongshore, the two sites evolved differently over the study period. The northern dune retreated landward and lost volume, whereas the southern dune prograded and vertically accreted. The largest differences in dune response between the two sections of dunes occurred during the fall storm season, when each of the systems’ geomorphic and ecological properties modulated dune growth patterns. These findings highlight the complex eco-morphodynamic feedback controlling dune dynamics across a range of spatial scales.
Description: Miscellaneous Paper
Gov't Doc #: ERDC/CHL MP-21-2
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