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dc.contributor.authorFischer, Richard A., Jr., 1964-en_US
dc.creatorEnvironmental Laboratory (U.S.)en_US
dc.creatorEcosystem Management and Restoration Research Program (U.S.)en_US
dc.identifier.govdocERDC/EL TN-EMRRP-SI-09en_US
dc.descriptionTechnical Noteen_US
dc.description.abstractOver the past several decades, more than 450 Corps of Engineers Civil Works reservoir projects have been constructed in 43 states encompassing nearly 12 million acres (at normal pool elevations, about one half is water and the remaining half is associated land). The majority of inland Civil Works projects are constructed along streams and rivers. There is increasing interest in managing the riparian buffer strips (i.e., vegetation adjacent to streams, rivers, and lakes) along these watercourses. Retaining riparian vegetation of proper width not only minimizes the impacts of erosion and nonpoint-source pollution; these areas also provide habitat and movement corridors for wildlife as well as benefits to fish populations (Fischer et al. 1999) (Figure 1). Unfortunately, when decisions are made to restore or manage buffer strips adjacent to streams and rivers, the basis for determining strip width has been almost completely dominated by water quality considerations. Few studies have addressed the compatibility of recommended buffer strip widths with other important ecological functions, especially their ability to sustain native faunal and floral species. Many riparian zones in North America are degraded to the point that they do not provide the resources needed to make them suitable as habitat or as movement corridors. This degradation also negatively affects many of the other important functions and values these landscape features provide. Providing bird habitat often is a management objective on Corps lands, and restoration of riparian zones is a viable option. However, there is little guidance available on the design or management of riparian zones for birds.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEcosystem Management and Restoration Research Program (U.S.)en_US
dc.format.extent7 pages/489 KBsen_US
dc.publisherEngineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesTechnical Note (Ecosystem Management and Restoration Research Program (U.S.)) ; no. ERDC/EL TN-EMRRP-SI-09en_US
dc.rightsApproved for public release; distribution is unlimiteden_US
dc.sourceThis Digital Resources was created in Microsoft Word and Adobe Acrobaten_US
dc.subjectUnited States. Army. Corps of Engineersen_US
dc.subjectRiparian areas--United States--Managementen_US
dc.subjectRiparian areasen_US
dc.titleWidth of riparian zones for birdsen_US
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